In Acts 11:26 it is written that the disciples of Jesus were called Christians first in Antioch.
The people of Antioch, must have observed the divine nature of Christ in these disciples. They must have observed in them, the meekness and the lowliness that was in Christ – Matthew 11:29.
The people of Antioch, must have also observed that the disciples of Christ, were not of the world, even as Christ was not of the world – John 17:16. They must have also observed that the disciples of Christ were not unequally yoked with the unbelievers in Antioch – 2 Corinthians 6:14-18.
The Spirit of Christ, that these disciples in Antioch had, made them to be Christians, having the divine nature of Christ. The scripture says in Romans 8:9c, that if any man has not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of Christ. From the foregoing, it is clear that, any believer in Christ who has not the Spirit of Christ, is not a Christian, but only a believer in Christ, even if such a believer in Christ had been baptized, and even if he/she is ordained in the church. Even though Judas was one of the twelve chosen by Jesus, yet he was a devil amongst them – John 6:70.
It means therefore that, Judas was not a Christian, but a believer in Christ, because he had not the Spirit of Christ, hence he could not overcome the sin of the love of money which he coveted after. Whosoever is born of the Spirit of Christ doth not commit sin – 1 John 3:9. Simon, the sorcerer, believed in Christ, and was baptized in water, by immersion, but he was not a Christian, because he had not the Spirit of Christ, even though he heard the word of truth, yet he never repented of his wickedness and of his gall of bitterness – Acts 8:9-22. To have the Spirit of Christ, is first, to be born again of the word of truth, which is the gospel of salvation unto every man that believes – Ephesians 1:13; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23. Many believers in Christ profess to know Jesus, but because they are not Christians, they deny Jesus in their works, being abominable, disobedient and to every good work, reprobate – Titus 1:16. 

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